Were it not for the selfishness and variety of mankind, Communism would be the optimum form of government. Unfortunately, humans are selfish, and some tend to be lazy. Some have more God-given talent than others, and the variations in drive range from minimum to maximum. For these and other reasons, Communism has been thrown off by its subjects in many areas.
The early Christian church “had all things in common” at its inception. Although it is not stated in the Bible the exact time this sharing was cast away, the Apostle, Paul, is heard to say, “if a man will not work, let him not eat.”
During their first year in America, the Pilgrims practiced complete sharing their harvests. After a winter of deprivation and death that some deemed to be, at least in part, due to unequal effort on the part of some, that rule was changed, and capitalism was established for America.
Under the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia, the communism took the form of reverting to a completely agrarian economy with the rejection of all modern machines and methods. This resulted in reduction of the size of the country from about six million people to about three million, due more to execution and starvation than to fleeing refugees. The situation was so bad it was giving Communism a bad name, and another communist country, North Vietnam, was forced to overthrow that government.
In almost every country where Communism has been adopted, there has been a huge number of dissidents that were either jailed or murdered, and many fled the country as refugees. Most recently, Venezuela adopted Socialism in 1998 with great optimism. Today, only twenty years later, there is a mass exodus from the country and people are near revolt because of massive inflation and many shortages. As Margaret Thatcher once said, “They ran out of other people’s money to spend.”
Communism affects the economy of any nation because power belongs to the elite few and the government keeps most of the profits, failing to distribute equally to the people. Political emphasis is on loyalty to country, and that creates betrayal within families if some members fail to follow the governments edicts. Education suffers because of a cultural revolution where government agents shatter family treasures and destroy books that are contrary to their ideals.
Krystal Grigson’s writings on “The Effects of Communism on People in the Earth” mentions that among the worst outcomes of communism from 1933 to 1945. The dictator, Adolf Hitler, ordered the holocaust of six million Jews.
The article also states that from 1945 to 1975, a number of countries forcibly embraced communism but that number was reduced by 1989. The Soviet Union, although it has a constitution, allowing freedom of speech to citizens and press as well as religious freedom and equal rights, violated many of these in the late 1980s. However, the government changed the name of their communist party to Peoples Labor Party to get more countries to adopt their system.
In the Czech Republic, Kirstie Ratzer-Farley identifies the suffering of the people caused by loss of freedom of thought and expression under communism. There were 205486 convictions, 248 executions, 4500 deaths in prisons, 327 annihilations at the border, and 170938 emigrations.
The suffering of the people was aggravated by the lack of consumer goods, employment, housing, war, and broken human spirits.
Conversely, Peter H. Tran in his article, “Communism and Its Effect on the People (in Vietnam), recounted that the people benefited from communism. Some poor people were able to hold higher positions. In the sharing of property, the rich capitalists were affected as power and money were taken from them to be divided among the people. Contrary to the system, the communist rule took more from the people and improved their own status in society and created inequality and a society of poor people.